I wrote an eslint module for checking NestJS modules and Open Api/swagger decorators

Published on June 06, 2021

NestJs is a nice backend framework for NodeJS web applications. It makes heavy use of dependency injection and decorators. It can be difficult to remember to use them all correctly so I created an eslint library to catch some of the common issues I’ve had myself.

I’ve described the rules below. Let me know if you try it out and have any issues or suggestions!

Why create an eslint plugin?

Nest Dependency Injection issues

The Nest DI is declarative and if you forget to provide an injectable you wont see an error until run time.

If you’re using custom providers the errors can be really tricky to figure out because they won’t explicitly error about mismatched injected items, you will just get unexpected operation.

The following won’t fail statically or at runtime. If you’re cycling through the array later you won’t have the second service available.

export const MyOtherInjectableProvider: Provider = {
  provide: MyOtherInjectable,
  useFactory: (config: MyService): Array<MyOtherInjectable> => {
    return [config]
  },
  inject: [MyService, SecondService],
}

Open Api / Swagger and automatically generating a client for front end

When working with NestJS I generate my front end models using the swagger generated from the nest controllers and models. I have a bunch of rules that are mostly for strict typing for those controllers and models.

They are somewhat opinionated but necessary for clean model generation if using an Open Api model generator.

For example if you are using an enum in a couple of different models then Nest Open Api gen will generate two separate enums with names ModelOneMyEnum and ModelTwoMyEnum but what you really want is MyEnum. You can specify this using enumName: "MyEnum" in both places. These eslint rules will suggest these things to you so you generate clean, easy to use models.

Rule list (more details for each rule below)

Nest Modules Rules

  • provided-injected-should-match-factory-parameters
  • injectable-should-be-provided

Nest Open Api Rules

  • api-property-matches-property-optionality
  • controllers-should-supply-api-tags
  • api-method-should-specify-api-operation
  • api-enum-property-best-practices
  • api-property-returning-array-should-set-array

To install

npm install --save-dev @darraghor/eslint-plugin-nestjs-typed

Then update your eslint with the plugin import and add the recommended rule set

module.exports = {
  env: {
    es6: true,
  },
  extends: ['plugin:@darraghor/nestjs-typed/recommended'],
  parser: '@typescript-eslint/parser',
  parserOptions: {
    project: ['./tsconfig.json'],
    sourceType: 'module',
    ecmaVersion: 'es2019',
  },
  plugins: ['@darraghor/nestjs-typed'],
}

Note: the injectable-should-be-provided rule scans your whole project. It’s best to filter out ts things that don’t matter - use filterFromPaths configuration setting for this. There are some defaults already applied. See details below.

Note: You can easily turn off all the swagger rules if you don’t use swagger by adding the no-swagger rule set AFTER the recommended rule set.

// all the other config
    extends: ["plugin:@darraghor/nestjs-typed/recommended",
    "plugin:@darraghor/nestjs-typed/no-swagger"
    ],
    // more config

Rules

Rule: provided-injected-should-match-factory-parameters

Checks that there are the same number of injected items in a Provider that are passed to the factory method

Passes (Myservide injected and myservice used in factory params)

export const MyOtherInjectableProvider: NotAProvider = {
  provide: MyOtherInjectable,
  useFactory: async (config: MyService): Promise<MyOtherInjectable> => {
    return new MyOtherInjectable()
  },
  inject: [MyService],
}

Fails (SecondService is not used in the factory)

export const MyOtherInjectableProvider: Provider = {
  provide: MyOtherInjectable,
  useFactory: async (config: MyService): Promise<MyOtherInjectable> => {
    return new MyOtherInjectable()
  },
  inject: [MyService, SecondService],
}

Rule: injectable-should-be-provided

Checks that a class marked with @Injectable is injected somewhere or used in a provider.

Fails if a thing marked as @Injectable is not in the providers of a module or provides in a provider.

There is some additional configuration you can provide for this rule. This is the default setting. You should overrride this with your src directory and any strings to filter out from paths (note that the filterFromPaths are NOT globs - just matched strings).

    "@darraghor/nestjs-typed/injectable-should-be-provided": [
            "error",
            {
                src: ["src/**/*.ts"],
                filterFromPaths: ["node_modules", ".test.", ".spec."],
            },
        ],

Rule: api-property-matches-property-optionality

This checks that you have added the correct api property decorator for your swagger documents.

There are specific decorators for optional properties and using the correct one affects Open Api generation.

The following FAILS because this is an optional property and should have @ApiPropertyOptional

class TestClass {
  @Expose()
  @ApiProperty()
  thisIsAStringProp?: string
}

The following FAILS because this is a required property and should have @ApiProperty

class TestClass {
  @Expose()
  @ApiPropertyOptional()
  thisIsAStringProp!: string
}

Rule: controllers-should-supply-api-tags

If you have more than a handful of api methods the swagger UI is difficult to navigate. It’s easier to group api methods by using tags.

This PASSES because it has api tags

@ApiTags('my-group-of-methods')
@Controller('my-controller')
class TestClass {}

The following FAILS because it’s missing api tags

@Controller('my-controller')
class TestClass {}

Rule: api-method-should-specify-api-operation

If you have an api method like @Get() you should specify the return status code (and type!) by using @ApiOkResponse and the other expected responses. I often leave out 400s and 500s because it’s kind of assumed but they should be used if the return type changes!

This PASSES

class TestClass {
  @Get()
  @ApiOkResponse({ type: String, isArray: true })
  @ApiBadRequestResponse({ description: 'Bad Request' })
  public getAll(): Promise<string[]> {
    return []
  }
}

The following FAILS because it’s missing api operation decorators

class TestClass {
  @Get()
  public getAll(): Promise<string[]> {
    return []
  }
}

Rule: api-enum-property-best-practices

If you use enums you should set the correct properties in the ApiProperty decorator. Note I don’t actually check the types on the property, I only check properties where enum: EnumType is already set to make sure they are set correctly.

If you don’t use enumName then Open api will create a new enum for each api method. This is awful to use in a generated client. You don’t need to use type any more. This used to be necessary in old versions to get enum strings correctly output.

This is perfect

class TestClass {
  @ApiPropertyOptional({ enum: MyEnum, enumName: 'MyEnum' })
  thisIsAnEnumProp!: MyEnum
}

Fails - you don’t need type

class TestClass {
  @ApiPropertyOptional({ type: MyEnum, enum: MyEnum, enumName: 'MyEnum' })
  thisIsAnEnumProp!: MyEnum
}

Fails - you need to add a name

class TestClass {
  @ApiPropertyOptional({ enum: MyEnum })
  thisIsAnEnumProp!: MyEnum
}

Rule: api-property-returning-array-should-set-array

If you return an array you should indicate this in the api property. There are two ways to do this

ApiProperty({type:[String]}) OR ApiProperty({type:String, isArray:true})

I enforce the second long way! You can turn this off if you prefer the shorthand way but you won’t get warned if you missed the array specification.

This passes

class TestClass {
    @ApiPropertyOptional({enumName: "MyEnum" isArray:true})
    thisIsAProp!: MyEnum[];
}

This passes

class TestClass {
  @ApiPropertyOptional({ type: String, isArray: true })
  thisIsAProp!: Array<string>
}

This FAILS - missing isArray

class TestClass {
  @ApiPropertyOptional({ type: String })
  thisIsAProp!: Array<string>
}

This FAILS - doesn’t need isArray

class TestClass {
  @ApiPropertyOptional({ type: String, isArray: true })
  thisIsAProp!: string
}
Darragh ORiordan

Hi! I'm Darragh ORiordan.

I live and work in Sydney, Australia enjoying the mountains and the ocean.

I build and support happy teams that create high quality software for the web.

Contact me on Twitter!


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